System-Wide Benefits of Intermeal Fasting by Autophagy

Martinez-Lopez, N; Tarabra, E; Toledo, M; Garcia-Macia, M; Sahu, S; Coletto, L; Batista-Gonzalez, A; Barzilai, N; Pessin, JE; Schwartz, GJ; Kersten, S; Singh, R

Dec 5, 2017

Cell Metabolism, vol. 26, no. 6, Dec. 2017, pp. 856-871.e5. PubMed Central, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cmet.2017.09.020

Abstract
Autophagy failure is associated with metabolic insufficiency. Although caloric restriction (CR) extends healthspan, its adherence in humans is poor. We established an isocaloric twice-a-day (ITAD) feeding model wherein ITAD-fed mice consume the same food amount as ad libitum controls but at two short windows early and late in the diurnal cycle. We hypothesized that ITAD feeding will provide two intervals of intermeal fasting per circadian period and induce autophagy. We show that ITAD feeding modifies circadian autophagy and glucose/lipid metabolism that correlate with feeding-driven changes in circulating insulin. ITAD feeding decreases adiposity and, unlike CR, enhances muscle mass. ITAD feeding drives energy expenditure, lowers lipid levels, suppresses gluconeogenesis, and prevents age/obesity-associated metabolic defects. Using liver-, adipose-, myogenic-, and proopiomelanocortin neuron-specific autophagy-null mice, we mapped the contribution of tissue-specific autophagy to system-wide benefits of ITAD feeding. Our studies suggest that consuming two meals a day without CR could prevent the metabolic syndrome.

Full Text: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5718973/

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Autophagy, Metabolic Disorders, Muscle Mass, Aging

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